6th World Conference on Climate Change
International University in Geneva (IUG), Switzerland
Title: Recycling of electronic battery by the households. Differences of awareness and active participation between Russia and leading-recycling European states
Biography: Sofya Khlebnikova
Statement of the Problem: Hazardous Households Waste presents a threat to the environment and to human health when the mixed garbage disposed of in landfills. In case of Russia, researchers have reported that at present, federal law does not regulate the management of waste batteries generated by the population, in particular, does not establish the requirement for their collection. Therefore, thrown into the household trash, batteries corrode and the toxins from metals go to the ground, water and the atmosphere. The number of oncological sicknesses has almost doubled in Russia in 2010 since the active use of Lithium batteries. Being strict on regulations, In Europe, in total, at least 40 processing plants operate, which utilise up to 45% of all chemical power sources. Switzerland itself shows a good level of public awareness, but low collection rates. Japan requires batteries to have so far been stored in warehouses in compliance with safety requirements. In Australia, the highest percentage of recycling of batteries - the number of recycled batteries reaches 80%.
Methodology: Theoretical Orientation: Intersubjective studies have been conducted with in-depth research in the core damages from the used batteries; moreover, with analysis of recent regulations on corporate and public levels and observation of public awareness and contribution to the recycling waste.
Findings: Awareness on the governmental level is high all over the world, as well as the regulations, applied overproduction and recycling by the industries give rise to corporate responsibility. However, the level of awareness in the population for the need for separation of waste as well as the toxic effect on the environment and human lives is different from country to country.
Conclusion & Significance: As each state differ, a Household Hazardous battery waste needs to be addressed and successfully regulated individually towards the nation’s approaches and needs.